Grey Partridge

Perdix perdix

  1. Wildlife
  2. Birds
  3. Gamebirds
  4. Grey Partridge


A plump, round gamebird the grey partridge is locally common but now thinly distributed and becoming scarce in most parts of the country. A farmland bird, it feeds on seeds, leaves and small invertebrates. When disturbed, grey partridges prefer to run instead of fly but they will fly low to the ground if necessary. They breed in open scrub and farmland, close to hedges or other vegetation, laying their eggs on the ground in a grass-lined scrape.

How to identify

The orange face and black horseshoe-shaped patch on the belly immediately identifies the grey partridge. It is grey-brown above with a grey chest and orange-brown stripes down the flanks.

Where to find it

England and the lowland parts of Scotland and Wales.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Grey partridge populations have suffered severe declines due to the loss of their traditional grassland and farmland habitats through agricultural intensification. The Wildlife Trusts work closely with farmers and landowners to promote wildlife-friendly practices. We are working towards a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Grey Partridge
Latin name
Perdix perdix
Length: 29-32cm Wingspan: 46cm Weight: 390g Average Lifespan: 3 years
Conservation status
Classified in the UK as a Red List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review and as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.