Fir Clubmoss

Huperzia selago


Clubmosses are very primitive plants found in rocky habitats, moorland, bogs and mountains. Fir Clubmoss is a tufted, upright fern ally that is particularly common in Scotland, but can be found amongst rocks and on bare ground in upland areas around the UK.

How to identify

There are seven species of clubmoss in the UK, which are very difficult to tell apart. Fir Clubmoss is a member of the fern allies section of flora and is yellowy-green with upright stems and needle-like leaves, giving it the look of a tiny conifer.

Where to find it

Widespread in the uplands.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

The Wildlife Trusts manage many heathland and upland habitats sympathetically for the benefit of all kinds of wildlife. We are also working closely with farmers, landowners and developers to promote wildlife-friendly practices. We have a vision of a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Fir Clubmoss
Latin name
Huperzia selago
Ferns and horsetails
Height: up to 10cm
Conservation status
The Fir Clubmoss is scarce and the related Marsh Clubmoss is classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.