Candle Snuff Fungus

Xylaria hypoxylon

  1. Wildlife
  2. Fungi
  3. Candle Snuff Fungus


Erect, simple or forked with a downy stalk - this fungus is also known as the 'stag's horn fungus'. Black throughout with powdery white tips.

How to identify

Black stem with forks and white tips

Where to find it

On stumps and dead branches of all kinds


When to find it

  • January

How can people help

Fungi are an important part of our woodland ecology, helping to recycle nutrients from dead or decaying organic matter. Many animals depend on them, too. The Wildlife Trusts look after many woodland reserves, managing them for the benefit of the wildlife present, often leaving standing and fallen dead wood which supports fungi. You can help by having log piles and dead wood in your own garden to encourage fungi. In partnership with the RHS, The Wildlife Trusts' Wild About Gardens initiative can help you plan your wildlife garden.

Species information

Common name
Candle Snuff Fungus
Latin name
Xylaria hypoxylon
Grows to 30mms tall
Conservation status
Very common