Pine Marten

Martes martes

  1. Wildlife
  2. Mammals
  3. Pine Marten


An elusive creature, the Pine Marten is mostly found in the North of Britain. It prefers woodlands, climbs very well and lives in holes in trees, in old squirrel dreys or old birds' nests. Pine Martens feed on small rodents, birds, eggs insects and fruit, and although rare, can be encouraged to visit bird tables. During the mating season, Pine Martens make shrill, cat-like calls. In the spring, they have litters of 3-5 young, which are independent by summer.

How to identify

Mostly chestnut-brown in colour, Pine Martens have a characteristic pale yellow 'bib' on their chin and throat. They have a long bushy tail.

Where to find it

Found in Scotland, North Yorkshire and Northumberland.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Once hunted for their highly prized fur, Pine Martens are now very rare and are only found in the North. They are threatened by the loss of their favoured woodland habitat to deforestation and development. The Wildlife Trusts are working hard to restore our native woodlands; why not join us and have a go at volunteering? You'll make new friends, learn new skills and help wildlife along the way.

Species information

Common name
Pine Marten
Latin name
Martes martes
Length: 45cm plus a tail of 25cm Weight: 900g-1.7kg Average lifespan: up to 10 years
Conservation status
Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, and classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.